# THE PROTO-PHYSICS MODEL ©: 8

#### THE PHYSICAL SIZE OF THE ATOM

The atom has been measured and unexpected characteristics have emerged. When you look at the atomic radii of the Elements in a Periodic Table the size of the Elements on the right are smaller than the Elements on the left. The far right Group (column) on the Periodic Table, called the Noble Gases: Helium; Neon; Argon; Krypton; Xeon; and Radon, are all measured smaller than the Elements on their row to the left. However, the mass of each of the Elements increases from left to right. This is somewhat counter-intuitive.

Why does the physical size of the atom decrease as you move from left to right on the Periodic Table of Elements, but the mass increases from left to right. Proto-Physics explains this. First, look at the Periodic Table of Elements. In this “Public Domain” table the physical size and mass of the Elements iare defined. Following this, the noble gases are shown. After this, the reason for how fundamental particles cause this ‘size’ effect can be found  in “THE PROTO-PHYSICS MODEL ©: 9”. For each period (row) in the Periodic Table, the atomic radii decrease, from the alkali metals to the noble gases.  (A period is a horizontal row in the periodic table.)

The following looks at the size of the Noble Gases, beginning with Helium.

The intersection of the Proteon for Helium from the Proteon view.

Below is a table to look at the 31 pm size of Helium

The following looks at the size of the Noble Gases, Neon.

The following looks at the Noble Gases Neon, from the Proteon View.

Below is a table to look at the 38 pm size of Neon. This table shows the size of each of the Elements for the Period beginning with Lithium and ending with Lithium.

The following looks at the size of the Noble Gases, Argon. Below are the possible Ionization Potentials of Argon:

ARGON PROTEUS

AEV =  ¾c + 18h

• Potential I:      1520.8  kJ/mol would equate to Proteon: ¾ c –  18h
• Potential II:     2665.8  kJ/mol would equate to Proteon: ¾ c –  17h
• Potential III:     3931    kJ/mol would equate to Proteon: ¾ c –  16h
• Potential IV:     5771    kJ/mol would equate to Proteon: ¾ c –  15h
• Potential V:     7238     kJ/mol would equate to Proteon: ¾ c –  14h
• Potential VI:     8781    kJ/mol would equate to Proteon: ¾ c –  13h
• Potential VII:   11995    kJ/mol would equate to Proteon: ¾ c –  12h
• Potential VIII:  13842    kJ/mol would equate to Proteon: ¾ c –  11h
• Potential IX:    40760    kJ/mol would equate to Proteon: ¾ c –  10h
• Potential X:     35458    kJ/mol would equate to Proteon: ¾ c –  09h
• Potential XI:    46186    kJ/mol would equate to Proteon: ¾ c –  08h
• Potential XII:   52002    kJ/mol would equate to Proteon: ¾ c –  07h
• Potential XIII59653    kJ/mol would equate to Proteon: ¾ c –  06h
• Potential XIV66199    kJ/mol would equate to Proteon: ¾ c –  05h
• Potential XV:   72918    kJ/mol would equate to Proteon: ¾ c –  04h
• Potential XVI:  82473    kJ/mol would equate to Proteon: ¾ c –  03h
• Potential XVII88576    kJ/mol would equate to Proteon: ¾ c – 02h
• Potential XVIII: 397605  kJ/mol would equate to Proteon: ¾ c –  01h
• Potential XIX:  427066   kJ/mol would equate to Proteon: ¾ c –  00h

The following looks at the Noble Gases Argon, from the Proteon View.