# THE ARGUMENT FOR PROTO-PHYSICS

The Content of the Proto-Physics Argument on this page:

1. Absolutes
2. Step-by-Step
3. 2 Fundamental Particle Model Approach
• Fundamental Particle
• Elementary Particle
• Proteus
• Proteon
4. 2 Fundamental Particle Model
5. Proto-Physics Argument Summary
6. Questions
7. Thoughts to be considered…

ABSOLUTES:

What is the thread of reasoning that leads to Absolute Motion?

1. If the Big Bang theory is true, in that it indicates if you go back in time far enough the whole universe is reduced to a single point
2. Then, absolute zero motion exists, because by definition “motion is movement between one point and another point” and the Big Bang theory as interpreted in item 1 reduces the universe to a single point. ipso facto “absolute zero motion”.
3. At the other end of the spectrum is the speed of light. Light has been proven to measure the same speed, no matter how fast you are going. The speed of light is the very definition of an absolute.
4. Given these 2 absolute boundaries, absolute motions can be projected from zero to the speed of light.
5. When I consider all of matter compressed into a single point, I can imagine zero external motion fundamental particles spinning at the speed of light. Thus creating 2 motions for every fundamental particle, external and internal.
6. Looking at external motion as it relates to mass, and incorporating the boundaries of absolute motion zero and the speed of light, it is possible to reach the conclusion that as a fundamental particle is accelerated externally from absolute zero its mass increases.
7. Looking at Max Planck’s constant (h) it becomes clear that this must be the inertia of a fundamental particle. In order for a fundamental particle to accelerate from zero motion to the next reference from zero motion + (h) must be added.
8. There is a limit to the number of + (h)’s that can occur and that limit occurs when the speed of light is reached.

The 8 items listed above are what the Proto-Physics model uses to describe the first steps in a “reasoned approach to physics”. As opposed to the abstraction that Quantum Physics uses such as stating there is no such thing as absolute motion, only relative motion.

The first Axiom of Proto-Physics states, in this regard, there are 2 types of motion: Absolute Motion and Relative motion.

If you are in search of the truth then you need to ask Quantum Physics, “Is items 1 and 2 in the list above are true or false?” Challenge any proponent of Quantum Physics.

STEP-BY-STEP

The following wll take you step-by-step through the Proto-Physics 2 component model. One concept will lead to another concept until the overall foundation of Proto-Physics is explained.

First, the question “What is Proto-Physics?” links to a brief description of the understanding found in Proto-Physics.

There are several founding principles that will be discussed, however, the first founding principle involves “Absolute Motion“. This is the element of motion that is disputed very strongly by Quantum Physics, and, argued very effectively by Proto-Physics.

The Proto-Physics Approach to a 2 Fundamental Particle Model:

Proto-Physics explains why the two different measurements of atomic number and atomic mass occur, and, will show how atomic number and atomic mass are defined. Later, Proto-Physics proves the measure of atomic mass is twice the atomic number, and why.

Because Proto-Physics has found a way to justify the 2 component model of the atom, and explains why the atomic mass is about twice the atomic number, this new Proto-Physics model should be carefully considered by anyone seriously seeking to discover the answer of how everything works.

Though it may seem that the Proto-Physics 2 fundamental particle model should be as simply explained as the previous Quantum Physics 3 particle model, it requires an in depth understanding of how this previously unknown model works.

A New Vocabulary

The Quantum Physics vocabulary does not apply to this new Proto-Physics model. So, the new model will add a new vocabulary and understanding, creating a new theory.

The first vocabulary definitions apply to the Proto-Physics definitions of fundamental particles and elementary particles.

• Proto-Physics defines a fundamental particle as an indivisible object having the combined absolute internal and external motion of the speed of light. For example: in order for a particle moving at an absolute external motion of 1/20ththe speed of light (c) to be a fundamental particle its internal motion (also referred to as spin) is 19/20ths the speed of light. This makes it a fundamental particle.
• The multiplicative inverse of a fraction a/b is simply b/a. The relationship of the external motion of a fundamental particle to the internal motion of a fundamental particle is a multiplicative inverse.
• Proto-Physics defines an elementary particle as a fundamental particle that, when combined with a second fundamental particles, creates an atom. The two fundamental particles, one with absolute external motions of ¼ (c) + (xh) the speed of light and another with absolute external motion of ¾ (c) – (xh) the speed of light, where x is a whole number equaling the atomic number of the Element, combine together to create an atom, and, (h) is Planck’s Constant.
• Proteus:
• Proteon:

These definitions will become clearer in further sections.

The 2 Fundamental Particle Model of Proto-Physics

Anyone who has gone to school has learned the atom is comprised of 3 components and these are the Proton, Neutron, and Electron. These terms produce an image of an atom that originates from a vocabulary created with Quantum Physics.

Proto-Physics changes the understanding of the atom. With Proto-Physics it is necessary to replace the Quantum Physics terms with terms applicable to the Proto-Physics model. These new terms will provide their own set of images of what the atom looks like, and, how fundamental particles interact.

Proto-Physics uses the terms Proteus and Proteon to describe the nucleus particle and the outer particle of the 2 particle atom.

Proto-Physics follows a fairly simple and hierarchical thread of ideas to describe the 2 component model and create the complexity required for matter and all phenomena in the universe. The following sections, step-by-step, create a foundation for the 2 component model.

THE REASONING BEHIND THE PROTO-PHYSICS MODEL:

The following begins the thread of reasoning that results in the Proto-Physics Model  and each step of the Proto-Physics model.

1.      Matter has a one to one relationship with energy and motion. The greater the motion the greater the mass is an understanding described by Einstein’s E = MC2 equation.

• The following simple graph would be generally agreed on by proponents of both Quantum Physics and Proto-Physics. They might adjust the slope of the curve one direction or another but the equivalence between mass and motion would remain the same as the graph describes. {The difference would be that Proto-Physics defines the “zero” in the graph below as “absolute zero”. Quantum Physics does not. Quantum Physics says that as matter accelerates its mass increases. It doesn’t take you to zero motion because it doesn’t address zero motion as a legitimate concept, accept as the motinon is relative to another object.} Basic MASS Model of Proto-Physics

2.      As a particle is accelerated close to the speed of light (c) mass grows greater until the speed of light (c) is reached and mass is infinite, as described by the Loretz Transformation.

3.      It follows that if a particle is decelerated to zero motion, that particle no longer exists in this universe, and, can be legitimately interpretted as zero mass. This is a reasonable interprettation of mass at the point of the Big Bang. This mass was originally measured by Max Planck and is called (h), Planck’s Constant.

4.      When considering fundamental particles, the thoughts below occurred regarding absolute, and relative motion.

• I can imagine a particle of matter moving at zero external motion having zero mass (section 3). I could further imagine a particle with zero external motion spinning on its axis at the speed of light, giving it 2 types of motion, external and internal.

i.      Generally, the idea of a particle with zero external motion does not make very much sense in a universe in motion, however, with the concept of the Big Bang comes a concept of a universe reduced to a single point. By definition, zero motion is described by a single point.

Proof Of Absolute Zero Motion: The definition of motion is movement from one point A to another point B, however, if there is only one point A in the universe, as would be found in the Big Bang singularity, then true zero “absolute” external motion makes sense.

2.      Absolute, non-relative, motion is reasonable in a Big Bang singularity because a singularity is defined as only a single point, and, therefore no movement from 1 point to another point.

• The first question asked about this fundamental particle in a Big Bang Singularity, “What if this particle with zero external velocity had internal velocity – call it spin – of the speed of light (c)?”
• If that were the case then the limit of external velocity for such a particle would be the speed of light (c), logically.
• It is also reasonable to say that the spin of a fundamental particle would need to be perpendicular to the external velocity of the fundamental particle. If it wasn’t perpendicular when the fundamental particle was accelerated the internal spin would exceed the speed of light limitation.
• Newton’s first law of motion states that an object in motion tends to stay in motion until an external force acts upon it. The external (EV) and internal velocity (IV) of a fundamental particle will remain unchanged until an external force acts upon it.
• What if this particle’s (EV) accelerated and it’s mass increased? Its perpendicular internal velocity (IV), spin, should decelerate.
• This behavior would be consistent with the rules of physics that indicate the speed of light (c) is the limit of speed,
• It would be justified by Newton’s first law of motion as an external force acted upon it.
• As a particles’ absolute external velocity (EV) increased its perpendicular internal spin of (c) would exceed the speed of light if the spin, (IV), didn’t decelerate.
• A particle of zero mass, abslute zero velocity, spinning at the speed of light, that decelerates spin at the same rate external motion accelerates, indicates the actual motion of the fundamental particle, when these two motions are added together, is equal to the speed of light (c). FP motion = (EV) U (IV) = c. And, this is the definition of a fundamental particle.

Definition Reminder: Proto-Physics defines a Fundamental Particle (FP) as having a combined external and internal motion of the speed of light. For example – a fundamental particle that has the external motion is 1/20th the speed of light has perpendicular internal motion of 19/20ths the speed of light. The sum of the external and internal motion of a fundamental particle will always equal the speed of light. This applies to all FP’s.

• I can imagine another fundamental particle with absolute external velocity (EV) of the speed of light (c) having infinite mass and zero internal velocity (IV). FP motion = (EV) U (IV) = c
• A particle reaching the speed of light (c) must have zero internal velocity (IV) or spin.
• The Big Bang provides a boundry of zero, and another boundry of the speed of light (c), for the graph of the fundamental particle at any motion with any mass.

Proto-Physics Argument Summary:

Very little new ground is covered in the first section. Few can argue that mass and energy are related to one another. Einstein’s formula, E = MCs , has established that accelerating matter increases its’ mass, and, decelerating it decreases its’ mass. It is reasonable to say that if mass is infinite when accelerated to the speed of light, it is zero when decelerated to absolute zero velocity.

Every theory must have a foundation that provides a basis for understanding, and, Proto-Physics is no exception. The conclusions that are reached with “The Argument For Proto-Physics” are not without foundation, and, lead to a useful and reasonable approach to how the universe works. This approach is not filled with incomprehensible abstractions that can only be realized in multi-dimensioned formulas that can not be comprehended by even sophisticated mathematicians. The Proto-Physics approach leads to an accessible vision of the universe, matter, and how the nucleus of an atom interacts with the outer component.

Does Proto-Physics have a long way to go before reaching its goal of being the General Field Theory?

Definitely.

Will it get there?

Yes.

Questions:

With an understanding of Proto-Physics a new series of questions occurs. The following questions only barely touch these questions.

1. Planck’s Constant (h) is used thoughout Proto-Physics as the inertia of a fundamental particle. Meaning, it is the amount of energy that needs to be applied to a fundamental particle to accelerate from one reference frame to another. That said, “How fast is that?”
2. Once we have the information of how fast it is we should be able to discover how many reference frames there are between zero motion and the speed of light. So, the next question is, “How many reference frames are there between absolute zero motion and the speed of light?”
3. Following this thread, “How many reference frames between absolute zero motion and ¼ the speed of light?
4. “How many reference frames between absolute zero motion and ¾ the speed of light?

Thoughts incompleted…

In section 4 a new concept described in Proto-Physics shows that a fundamental particle has 2 absolute motions, external motion and a perpendicular internal motion. And, in section 5 the number zero is added to a Physics model. A number that wasn’t there before. And, like mathematics, this zero provides the fundamental particles of Proto-Physics the entire mathematics spectrum for particles in motion, zero to infinity.

CHAPTER 3: SECTION 6 – 10:

Section 6 – 10:

At this point it is clear that applying these motions to our day-to-day interaction with matter is challenging. However, if the concept of the Big Bang is added to this thread of reasoning the graph in the beginning of section 6 – 10 begins to take shape. In this section the mass of a fundamental particle grows from zero to infinite as motion increases from zero to the speed of light (c). The curve of binding energy and the Lorentz curve are displayed. In addition, the new terms of “relative motion” and “absolute motion” are added to the vocabulary unique to Proto-Physics.

6.                  Proto-Physics describes internal and external motions, and the (NR) and Relative Motion Graph on the following page shows the behavior of a fundamental particle as its’ mass changes when its motion is accelerated or decelerated.

• There are absolutes of velocity in the universe. These velocities when measured from the Big Bang are not relative but absolute. Zero velocity on this graph is absolute zero velocity and section 4ai above explains this..
• These two absolute velocities form the left and right boundaries on this graph. The border of zero absolute velocity is on the left, and, the border of the speed of light  (c) absolute velocity is on the right.
• At zero velocity the fundamental particle spins at the speed of light (c).
• At the speed of light (c) the fundamental particle does not spin at all.
• Between the borders on the left and right of the graph below are all the possible external absolute velocities the fundamental particle can move at.
• It is the absolute external velocity (EV) and the fundamental particles absolute internal velocity (IV) that determine where a particle falls on this graph.

7.      The two motions of the fundamental particle leads to a way of defining a particles by these 2 motions. You could say that a photon is a particle that has zero mass; therefore it would be a particle with 0 external velocity (EV) and (c) internal velocity (IV) (spin).

• Photon = 0 external velocity (EV) + (c) internal velocity (IV), and Planck’s Constant (h).

i.      Planck’s Constant is the inertia of a fundamental particle.

• Another fundamental particle, in measuring its absolute motion, could move at  1/10 (c) external velocity (EV) and 9/10 (c) internal velocity (IV), for example. This would be a sub-atomic particle.

i.      Another particle’s absolute motion could be ¼(c) external velocity (EV) and ¾(c) internal velocity (IV). This would be an elementary particle.

ii.      One might think that a fundamental particle in motion could have ½(c) external velocity (EV) and ½(c) internal velocity (IV), however, the rules related to the attraction of opposite fundamental particles will keep ½ (c) particles from stability at the ½ (c) absolute velocity. This will be discussed in later sections of this paper.

• The net effect of these 2 external/internal velocities is that the 2 motions in a fundamental particle would always equal the speed of light (c).
• The fundamental particle labels for b, c, and d could be, respectively, fp1/10(c)ev9/10(c)iv and fp¼(c)ev¾(c)iv.

8.      This returns us to the Big Bang and absolute motion, as opposed to relative motion.

• An important principle of Proto-Physics is that non-relativistic(NR), zero velocity can occur in a singularity. That is because, by definition, a singularity is a single point. Motion is defined as movement between one point and another which can’t happen if there is only one point.
• It is possible to visualize a (NR), absolute zero-motion, particle in a singularity spinning at the speed of light (c).
• The Big Bang is described as the ultimate singularity and it is reasonable to assume that all fundamental particles existing in this singularity have zero (NR) external motion, no measurable mass, and spin at the speed of light (c).

9.       There is a rule to the behavior of fundamental particles: No fundamental particle can occupy the same space at the same time with another fundamental particle if the other fundamental particle has the same external and internal velocity (IV). These particles would repel each other.

• For Example: a marble trying to occupy the same space at the same time as another marble would not be able to. When the two marbles reach the same spot they impact and repel one another. Therefore, no two particles with the same external and internal velocity (IV) can occupy the same space at the same time.

10.  There is a second rule to the behavior of fundamental particles: Fundamental particles are attracted to their opposite fundamental particle. A 1/10 (c) external velocity (EV) 9/10 (c) internal velocity (IV) particle is attracted to a 9/10 (c) external velocity (EV) 1/10 (c) internal velocity (IV) particle.  These 2 opposite fundamental particles can occupy the same space at the same time as they are attracted to one another, have dramtically different mass than one another, and they intersect one another. The attraction is due to the fact their (NR) external and internal motions are the same and the flow of these four motions locks them tightly to one-another.