**Lets review what has been included in this overview:**

Now, the understanding that there are 2 absolute opposite fundamental particles has been introduced: a fundamental particle moving at ¼(c) absolute external velocity (AEV); and another, separate, fundamental particle moving at ¾(c) absolute external velocity (AEV), and, that these 2 fundamental particles **bond** to create the atom.

**FIRST**, we argued that mass and energy are related one-to-one with one another. Einstein’s formula, E = MC^{2}, has established that accelerating matter increases its’ mass in proportion to its acceleration, and, decelerating matter decreases its’ mass in proportion to its deceleration.

- Energy is released when a fundamental particle decelerates and Mass is increased when a fundamental particle accelerates.
- It is reasonable to say that if mass is infinite when accelerated to the speed of light, it is zero when decelerated to absolute zero velocity.
- A new concept described in Proto-Physics shows that a fundamental particle has 2 absolute motions, external motion and a perpendicular internal motion.
- With zero absolute external velocity (AEV) the number
**zero**is added to the Physics model, a number that wasn’t there before. And, like mathematics, this**zero**provides, with the speed of light, the fundamental particles of Proto-Physics have the entire mathematics spectrum for particles in motion, zero to the speed of light, and, zero mass to infinite mass.

**Second**, the motions of fundamental particles are clarified using the graphs the Proto-Physics model. The fundamental particle is defined from zero to infinity, and, is displayed by the Graph of “The Proto-Physics Model”.

The absolute motion of a fundamental partic, as opposed to the relativistic motion of a fundamental particle, can label the type of fundamental particle it is. A description of a fundamental particle can be 0 (c) absolute external motion (AEV) and (c) absolute internal Motion (AIV), or, it can be 1/10 (c) absolute external motion (AEV) and 9/10 (c) absolute internal motion (AIV). Another example could be ¼ (c) absolute external motion (AEV) and ¾ (c) absolute internal motion (AIV). An examle could go all the way to the speed of light (c) absolute external motion (AEV) and zero absolute internal motion (AIV). Also, a new designation for a fundamental particle could be **fp ¼(c)(AEV) ⊥ ¾(c)(AIV)**, would be ¼(c) absolute external motion is perpendicular to ¾(c) absolute internal motion.

**Third**, the idea is introduced that 2 absolute opposite fundamental particles, a fundamental particle moving at ¼(c) absolute external velocity (AEV) and another fundamental particle moving at ¾(c) absolute external velocity (AEV), and, both of these particles occupy the same space at the same time. Further, these 2 particles bond because of the flow of their matching motions joining together.

**Discussion**

For a very long time discussion of Fundamental Particles has been curtailed by Heisenlberg’s Uncertainty Principle. This is because the Quantum Physics 3 component model interpreted the actual size of fundamental particles incorrectly. Proto-Physics redefines the actual size of these fundamental particles, based on the Reference Frame they exist in.

- The
**¼(c) (AEV)****PROTEUS**exists in the ¼(c) Reference Frame. - The
**¾(c) (AEV)****PROTEON**exists in the ¾(c) Reference Frame.

The size of these 2 fundamental particles is vastly different. In an unexpected way Quantum Physics measures the PROTEUS as about 30 to 170 Pico meters, depending on the Element, however, it measures the PROTEON as 1600^{th} the size of the PROTEUS. This is astoundingly inaccurate, and, causes a great deal of confusion regarding the relationship of the PROTEUS with the PROTEON. The PROTEON is many millions of times larger than the PROTEUS.

You may ask, “How has science made such a blunder?” This is because our perception is much more attuned to the PROTEUS than to the PROTEON. When we go to measure the PROTEON all we are measuring is the intersecting of the PROTEON with the PROTEUS, and this slice of the Proteus measures 1/1600th of the Proteus. The actual measure of the PROTEON would include a measure of the energy in the electro-magnetic field around the PROTEUS, a vastly greater mass than the Proteus.

This perception increases when we look at **light**, as though it is not a fundamental particle. The previous section on light describes what occurs when a fundamental particle is accelerated to speeds approaching that of light. How the shape of the fundamental particle changes as it is accelerated, and, how the measurements we take of a “wave” is actually the measurement of a fundamental particle.

#### Through The Prism Of The Proto-Physics Model

The following pages will take us through what we already know. Information that is readily available. However, this information takes on a whole new meaning when using the Proto-Physics model.

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